By developing programs that focus on reducing the number of miles people travel in private vehicles, the County will help people choose alternatives to single-occupancy vehicles. These programs will expand residents’ mobility, including those residents whose limited automobile access translates to stifled economic opportunity.

Vehicle Miles Traveled

  • Total VMT decreased from 2005 to a low point in 2010, and has increased every year since. One reason for this may be that car ownership rates in LA County have steadily increased since 2010.
  • Average daily VMT per capita generally decreased from 2007 through 2014, increased in 2015 and 2016, and remained steady in 2017.

Vehicle Miles Traveled per City (2016) (Modelled)


Housing and Transportation Affordability Index

  • The total cost of housing and transportation as a percentage of income varies across the county, with residents in the Northern portion of the county and Malibu consistently devoting a higher percentage of their income to housing and transportation compared to the rest of the county, while residents of Downtown Los Angeles and Long Beach pay a smaller percentage of their income.
  • LA County residents on average pay 57% of their income on combined housing and transportation costs, which is on par with the City of Los Angeles, the Los Angeles region (Metropolitan Statistical Area), and San Diego County.  Residents of the San Francisco region pay on average 48% of their income.
  • The chart compares the distribution of housing and transportation costs as a percentage of income across several regions. A larger portion of the population devotes a greater percentage of their income to housing and transportation in the County compared to City of Los Angeles.
Note:These calculations used underlying data from the 2015 American Community Survey and the 2014 Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics database. The % of Income value of 45% is considered the threshold for combined affordability by CNT.

Commute Mode Share and Average Commute Time

  • Among survey respondents in 2017, 79% drove alone, 9.8% carpooled, 6.1% took public transportation, 2.7% walked, and 2.4% took a bike, motorcycle, or taxi to work. 
  • Since a low of 74.8% in 2008, the percentage of respondents who drove alone has steadily increased. The percentage of respondents who carpooled or took public transit decreased over the same period. 
  • The mean commute time in 2017 was 31.7 minutes, which was a 5.6% increase from the 2013 mean commute of 30.0 minutes.
  • In 2017, 5.6% of people worked from home (see ACS B08130).

County Employee Average Vehicle Ridership by Year (2012-2018)

  • The  AVR was consistent between 2012 and 2018, with a low of 1.36 in 2013 to 1.374 in 2014. This falls short of the target AVRs. There was no data for 2017. 
  • Note: not all County department worksites reported AVR survey results every year.  The number of worksites reporting ranged from a low of 139 in 2016 to 158 in 2012. While this could introduce bias in the data, the result has been consistent.

Population Living in High Quality Transit Areas by Race and Ethnicity (2012 and 2040)

 
Note: All figures based on 2017 population and demographics

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Jobs Located within High Quality Transit Areas

  • 56.7% of all 2015 jobs are located within ½ mile of High Quality Transit as mapped in 2012.
  • 72.7% of all current 2015 jobs will be located within ½ mile of High Quality Transit by 2040. The percent of jobs accessible by High Quality Transit in 2040 will likely increase if current policies to increase density in proximity to transit are successful.
  • Note: When interpreting spatial presentations, census blocks are determined by population and are ideally about 1500 people, so denser areas have geographically smaller census blocks. Darker colors represent a greater proportion of jobs/residents. Most of LA County, and most census blocks within HQTAs have a consistent number of jobs (for example, strip malls) and population, and only a few places have many jobs. For example, the area surrounding LAX is dark blue because there are many jobs but few residents.
2015 Jobs Within 2012 HQTAs
2015 Jobs Within 2040 HQTAs

Walk Score (2019)

  • The median walk score for all cities and communities in LA County is 60.5 (where data is available) (March 2019).
  • The average walk score for incorporated cities within LA County is 59 (March 2019).
  • The average walk score for unincorporated communities within LA County is 47 (March 2019).

Bicycle and Pedestrian Collisions

Bicyclists
  • The number of bicyclists killed remained relatively steady from 2006-2015, even though the County population and the number of bike commuters increased. The lowest number of fatalities was 22 in 2009, and the greatest was 36 in 2013.
  • The number of bicyclists injured increased from 2007 to 2011, peaking at 277. The number of bicyclists severely injured decreased every year since 2011, to 216 bicyclists in 2015. 
  • The per capita rate of fatality or severe injury for bicyclists increased slightly from 2006-2015, from 23.4 per million to 24.5 per million, although the overall number of bicycle commuters increased.
Pedestrians
  • The number of pedestrians killed remained relatively steady from 2006-2015, even though the County population increased. The lowest number of fatalities was 171 in 2011, and the greatest was 222 in 2014.
  • The number of pedestrians severely injured peaked in 2007 at 750 and decreased to a low of 554 in 2011.  Injuries increased to 620 in 2015.
  • The per capita rate of fatality or severe injury for pedestrians decreased slightly from 2006-2015, from 62.6 per million to 60.9 per million.

Number of Bicyclists Killed or Severely Injured (2006-2015)
Number of Pedestrians Killed or Severely Injured (2006-2015)

EV charging stations

As of December 2018, there were 1,013 EV charging stations operating across LA County, which equates to approximately 1 charging station per 10,000 residents. Multiple chargers at one station is counted as one station.

PEV Registrations

  • County-wide PEV and HEV registrations increased from 251,925 in 2014 to 375,586 in 2017, about a 50% increase. 
  • Hybrid electric vehicles are the most prevalent, although the share of hybrid electric vehicles has decreased from 86% in 2014 to 76% in 2017. 


MATES IV Cancer Risk per One Million Residents with Census Tracts in the bottom 10% Median Household Income (2012-2013)

  • MATES does not provide information about cancer risk from air pollution in the Antelope Valley.
  • Areas with the lowest calculated risk are in the Sandberg/ Gorman area, and on Catalina Island.
  • The areas with the highest calculated risk are near the Port of LA and Port of Long Beach.
  • MATES IV found average air toxics risk decrease of 65% relative to MATES III (conducted 2004-2006).
  • Lower income areas typically have medium to high risk of cancer.